Sunday, December 6, 2020

New Vahaduo samples for Eurogenes K13 calculator

Here is a source list based on Euroepan averages. You can either replace source lines in Vahavuo site or download the program from the same site. These calculetor seldom give exact answers and mostly you can get only an estimate of where your ancestry might be. So use your imagination! It is also typical for these calculators that the result is stretched and f.ex. I can get Karelian + German instead of Finnish + Sweden. You can draw an imagined line between given sources and locate other population on this line. I have better tools to do this kind of job, but nothing better exists online. 

 

edit 7.12.2020 10:50 Unfortunately this blog service has some drawbacks, like it doesn't forward "new line" characters. I found this drawback after the upgrade of the blog service around 2 months ago, but didn't remember it while writing this entry. I made the text downloadable.

 

 Download here

 

Download here and look below results of my Swedish project members.  I didn't include identity information, because I finished my project already years ago, but definitely this Vahaduo source works, not only for Finns, but also for most Europeans. 












Edit 8.12.2020 18:15


Populations added to source list, including Ashkenazi and Portuguese.  Please download using the above link.

Sunday, October 25, 2020

Viking yDna results

I have now some upgraded results giving detailed information for the data published by the study Margaryan et al. (442 Ancient Viking Skeletons). My results seem to be mostly in line with the study, with exception of the sample VK486. The results are downloadable here.

Saturday, October 3, 2020

Viking Age Gotland was Baltic, Baltic-Finnic

Following PCA shows strong evidence about the Viking Age Gotland and shows also that, despite of the eastern Swedish influence, the Gotland was an exception and mostly settled by Baltic and Baltic Finnic people. It looks like the Swedish Vikings made raids to Estonia/Saaremaa and founded a settlement to Ladoga, but in Gotland there was a persisting Baltic or Baltic Finnic settlement. I added ancient and Asian samples to correct the stretching error, which is not corrected completely by the parameter "autoshrink" in SmartPCA. Autoshrink tries to avoid stretching of edge population. Because modern Europeans are a mixture of ancient hunter-gatherers, farmer and steppe populations, using those groups stabilizes the modern picture and makes the European PCA "orthodox", i.e. puts the Finns to right position (a hint to those scientists who are not aware of this error). PCA's, the first including all modern samples plus balancing ancient samples and the second a close-up (some other than Gutnish Viking samples can be of low quality and the location affected by this fact) (the close-up updated due to sample relatives) :
13.10.20 22:00

Thursday, October 1, 2020

Hundreds Viking Age samples

 Here is a new study covering originally 442 Viking Age samples.  Unfortunately around 100 of those samples show low quality and are not useful in all my tests.  I have done two analyses: an admixture analysis based on allele distribution to find out ancestry probabilities of each individual sample and also source data for the popular online admixture analysis Vahaduo.  The latter gives a possibility to check readers' own "Viking admixture".

I have compared my results to the original study and I see differences in results.  It looks like the original study uses Finnish late settlement samples, known to show elevated genetic drift at age below 500 years, which in this case sounds weird, because the Viking Age samples are at least two times older.  I use Finnish early settlement samples corresponding to the age of new samples.  This has  effect on the ancestry and principal component analysis and explains differences. 

Unfortunately I have no Danish samples, thus I was not able to define common  ancestry of new samples and present-day Danes.  I guess that samples of Danish origin turned out to be Norwegian.

What I found was a clear similarity in some Gutnish and present-day Estonian and Finnish samples. In general there is a strong evidence about Baltic and  Finnic ancestry in the Viking Age Gotland, although also Swedish ancestry is present and this all agrees wtih the know historical data telling about Viking Age and medieval Gotland as a multiethnic trading centre.  Actually qpDstat shows more similarity between the eastern coast of the Baltic and Viking Age Gotland than between the western coast and Gotland.  Conversely the Ladogan Viking settlement seems to have been mostly Swedish, the fact that supports Russian legends of the founding of Russian-Novgorodian fiefdom.

Ancestry list:


 

The source list for using Eurogenes K13 admixture routine at Vahaduo:

 

  Denmark_Funen_Galgedil_VK134,49.20,32.01,10.12,3.56,0.87,2.23,0.00,0.21,0.43,0.73,0.55,0.00,0.08
Denmark_Funen_Galgedil_VK138,47.35,21.69,16.16,6.79,5.30,0.04,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.12,0.18,1.96,0.41
Denmark_Funen_Galgedil_VK139,24.94,50.76,8.14,2.78,6.47,1.28,0.42,0.00,0.00,2.17,0.86,0.45,1.73
Denmark_Funen_Galgedil_VK141,48.94,33.29,7.79,1.25,2.35,0.42,4.38,0.39,0.13,0.08,0.00,0.92,0.05
Denmark_Funen_Galgedil_VK278,46.75,20.26,11.83,6.94,11.90,0.00,0.01,0.53,0.36,0.01,0.04,0.00,1.36
Denmark_Funen_Galgedil_VK279,48.61,30.84,6.93,4.47,3.78,2.83,0.05,0.01,0.01,1.53,0.62,0.00,0.32
Denmark_Funen_Galgedil_VK280,52.30,19.94,14.20,5.28,2.21,2.50,0.00,0.01,1.50,0.60,1.16,0.00,0.30
Denmark_Funen_Galgedil_VK370,49.77,30.96,9.92,4.55,0.77,0.00,1.12,0.00,1.51,1.40,0.00,0.00,0.00
Denmark_Funen_Galgedil_VK371,42.62,37.51,10.60,5.16,0.00,0.19,0.21,0.00,1.59,0.00,1.33,0.00,0.79
Denmark_Funen_Galgedil_VK372,54.93,26.96,10.55,3.88,0.00,0.00,1.27,0.00,0.18,0.74,0.01,1.47,0.00
Denmark_Funen_Galgedil_VK373,49.54,25.34,12.85,3.98,1.44,2.01,1.49,0.00,0.03,1.75,0.30,0.08,1.20
Denmark_Funen_Galgedil_VK446,52.60,27.66,7.56,6.07,0.78,0.00,1.13,0.10,0.37,1.24,1.13,0.68,0.68
Denmark_Funen_Hessum_VK295,49.84,30.07,11.71,3.74,0.14,0.76,0.00,0.00,1.05,0.58,0.28,1.83,0.00
Denmark_Funen_Hessum_VK316,53.49,26.24,8.92,4.46,1.99,0.03,3.08,0.36,0.00,0.81,0.29,0.10,0.22
Denmark_Funen_Ladby_VK301,48.58,22.34,15.06,7.30,0.46,0.61,1.14,0.39,0.00,0.98,1.25,1.88,0.02
Denmark_Funen_Ladby_VK319,42.97,25.71,14.89,4.32,9.04,0.15,0.47,0.66,0.16,0.00,0.45,1.12,0.06
Denmark_Funen_Rantzausminde_VK312,47.94,29.58,10.26,3.82,2.86,0.00,0.68,2.39,0.00,1.00,0.80,0.00,0.66
Denmark_Funen_Rantzausminde_VK313,40.36,36.99,11.45,0.60,5.62,1.98,1.85,0.00,0.21,0.00,0.54,0.39,0.00
Denmark_Funen_Rantzausminde_VK314,42.23,15.24,19.08,8.51,12.27,0.08,2.40,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.07,0.00,0.12
Denmark_Jutland_Hesselbjerg_VK300,49.09,33.07,7.10,3.17,0.70,0.95,2.38,0.00,0.30,2.02,0.79,0.11,0.31
Denmark_Jutland_Hesselbjerg_VK340,27.16,44.18,11.27,5.06,6.65,0.00,4.24,0.00,0.04,0.32,0.00,0.50,0.60
Denmark_Jutland_Hesselbjerg_VK384,55.54,25.06,8.75,4.11,2.23,0.88,2.81,0.00,0.00,0.52,0.11,0.00,0.00
Denmark_Jutland_Hesselbjerg_VK84,44.55,17.08,17.38,4.20,10.02,1.78,2.69,1.24,0.00,0.64,0.38,0.02,0.03
Denmark_Jutland_Hesselbjerg_VK87,45.66,18.79,14.88,5.10,11.37,0.87,0.14,0.78,0.00,1.41,0.16,0.83,0.00
Denmark_Jutland_Ribe_VK322,45.52,21.03,14.82,8.08,5.50,1.66,1.17,1.15,0.00,0.47,0.34,0.26,0.00
Denmark_Jutland_Ribe_VK323,53.79,26.54,9.07,6.34,0.10,0.01,1.01,0.17,0.00,1.92,0.48,0.00,0.57
Denmark_Jutland_Ribe_VK324,49.63,25.32,10.92,5.49,3.61,0.75,0.08,0.06,1.64,0.70,0.41,1.07,0.31
Denmark_Jutland_Ribe_VK325,49.59,31.62,9.22,5.23,0.02,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.44,1.37,0.90,0.84,0.78
Denmark_Jutland_Ribe_VK326,47.67,20.52,15.22,5.09,6.11,1.25,1.50,0.69,0.77,0.41,0.01,0.75,0.02
Denmark_Jutland_Ribe_VK327,44.28,28.83,11.43,5.47,4.64,0.31,0.00,1.45,0.00,0.95,1.74,0.78,0.11
Denmark_Jutland_Ribe_VK328,51.37,21.97,11.98,4.85,5.94,0.91,0.28,0.20,0.28,1.50,0.00,0.12,0.61
Denmark_Jutland_Ribe_VK329,44.01,22.52,14.23,5.12,10.17,0.67,0.49,0.11,0.05,1.36,0.48,0.76,0.03
Denmark_Jutland_Ribe_VK330,38.72,22.26,19.45,5.31,9.54,0.72,0.10,1.85,0.00,0.77,0.76,0.00,0.52
Denmark_Langeland_Bogøvej_VK286,41.62,13.41,21.05,11.66,8.68,0.00,1.30,0.79,0.15,0.11,0.00,0.50,0.72
Denmark_Langeland_Bogøvej_VK288,48.09,28.77,10.20,3.66,4.69,0.44,0.72,0.72,0.05,1.82,0.00,0.02,0.82
Denmark_Langeland_Bogøvej_VK320,46.82,28.80,11.41,6.25,2.12,1.08,1.06,0.00,1.09,0.30,1.07,0.00,0.00
Denmark_Langeland_Bogøvej_VK338,54.08,29.88,8.12,0.08,3.26,1.68,0.00,2.21,0.00,0.13,0.56,0.00,0.00
Denmark_Langeland_Bogøvej_VK361,50.41,23.69,15.87,6.96,0.03,0.05,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.68,1.61,0.00,0.70
Denmark_Langeland_Bogøvej_VK362,29.97,27.74,17.68,7.83,13.16,0.39,0.89,0.01,1.95,0.03,0.01,0.00,0.33
Denmark_Langeland_Bogøvej_VK363,42.09,16.93,15.70,10.06,11.97,0.89,0.95,0.01,0.72,0.28,0.04,0.36,0.00
Denmark_Langeland_Bogøvej_VK364,53.43,25.19,7.87,2.09,6.53,0.99,0.59,0.00,0.97,1.21,0.72,0.03,0.37
Denmark_Langeland_Bogøvej_VK365,43.65,16.08,19.92,6.42,10.53,0.02,0.01,1.48,0.00,1.32,0.09,0.01,0.47
Denmark_Langeland_Bogøvej_VK366,52.60,27.50,5.62,5.70,4.59,0.00,0.85,1.47,0.81,0.06,0.46,0.00,0.33
Denmark_Langeland_Bogøvej_VK367,41.25,41.28,8.08,0.03,2.78,1.35,1.59,0.00,1.92,0.16,1.03,0.00,0.53
Denmark_Langeland_Bogøvej_VK368,50.47,21.74,11.43,9.25,3.11,0.64,0.00,1.00,0.03,1.84,0.48,0.00,0.00
Denmark_Langeland_Bødkergarden_VK289,53.67,27.74,7.46,4.84,1.45,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.55,1.54,0.52,0.05,2.19
Denmark_Langeland_Bødkergarden_VK291,52.40,35.36,6.03,1.28,0.01,0.06,2.79,0.25,0.11,0.85,0.06,0.81,0.00
Denmark_Langeland_Kaagården_VK274,30.14,34.64,14.04,8.61,6.55,1.17,1.99,0.10,1.21,0.73,0.00,0.45,0.35
Denmark_Langeland_Kaagården_VK275,47.09,29.00,8.61,10.11,0.35,1.07,2.34,0.00,0.00,0.26,0.77,0.00,0.40
Denmark_Langeland_Kaagården_VK285,51.06,23.41,12.26,7.63,0.06,1.47,0.05,0.98,0.25,1.42,0.12,1.17,0.11
Denmark_Langeland_Kaagården_VK287,27.38,44.86,8.78,6.85,7.64,0.00,1.65,0.76,1.25,0.04,0.71,0.01,0.04
Denmark_Langeland_Kaagården_VK317,45.05,19.34,17.15,6.41,7.47,1.58,1.38,0.07,0.00,0.58,0.00,0.02,0.96
Denmark_Langeland_Kumle_høje_VK290,48.65,32.75,8.82,3.28,2.43,0.89,1.50,0.28,0.00,0.67,0.46,0.05,0.23
Denmark_Langeland_Stengade_I_VK282,43.93,31.36,11.88,5.41,0.89,1.98,0.13,0.32,0.00,0.77,1.82,0.17,1.34
Denmark_Sealand_Bakkendrup_VK294,45.75,34.52,9.08,3.93,1.63,0.03,1.24,0.02,0.00,1.92,0.00,1.30,0.57
Denmark_Sealand_Bakkendrup_VK315,50.06,26.16,11.66,10.02,0.21,0.00,0.01,0.00,0.00,0.58,0.21,1.01,0.07
Denmark_Sealand_Bakkendrup_VK369,42.67,20.36,16.43,7.76,8.28,1.64,0.00,0.88,0.73,0.40,0.01,0.81,0.01
Denmark_Sealand_Besser_VK298,56.74,26.59,7.02,6.07,0.00,0.02,1.37,0.00,0.00,0.01,0.00,2.16,0.00
Denmark_Sealand_Brondsager_Torsiinre_VK521,53.54,29.53,6.64,2.41,1.02,2.59,1.43,0.01,1.32,0.75,0.59,0.17,0.00
Denmark_Sealand_Bårse_VK281,51.61,30.81,5.41,3.71,4.90,0.85,0.21,0.00,0.73,0.00,1.75,0.00,0.00
Denmark_Sealand_Gl._Lejre_VK445,50.38,30.22,8.07,5.06,1.89,0.49,0.55,0.00,1.20,1.01,0.03,0.86,0.23
Denmark_Sealand_Hundstrup_Mose_VK296,50.67,31.31,5.95,3.07,1.64,3.82,0.78,0.21,0.27,0.99,0.00,1.28,0.01
Denmark_Sealand_Hundstrup_Mose_VK297,51.52,30.31,8.99,2.10,0.03,1.85,0.46,0.88,2.96,0.11,0.79,0.00,0.00
Denmark_Sealand_Kragehave_VK532,46.14,32.36,7.09,6.58,0.55,0.83,3.44,0.00,0.00,0.86,1.47,0.05,0.65
Denmark_Sealand_Lejre_VK385,50.18,21.40,15.09,5.89,3.73,0.02,1.26,0.04,0.17,0.53,0.17,1.52,0.00
Denmark_Sealand_Lejre_VK90,40.83,17.62,19.83,3.92,12.33,1.42,0.03,0.00,0.47,2.24,0.91,0.38,0.02
Denmark_Sealand_Lejre_VK92,55.47,23.16,11.26,6.99,0.03,0.00,0.95,0.00,0.00,1.91,0.24,0.00,0.00
Denmark_Sealand_Tollemosegård_VK65,48.59,19.82,19.40,0.04,6.55,1.60,1.38,0.00,0.00,1.35,0.00,1.27,0.00
Denmark_Sealand_Tollemosegård_VK69,52.95,25.39,6.50,6.92,0.05,2.55,0.00,0.42,0.00,1.61,1.02,0.00,2.59
Denmark_Sealand_Tollemosegård_VK70,50.18,25.72,11.54,6.82,1.94,0.00,1.12,0.00,0.31,0.79,1.12,0.01,0.47
Denmark_Sealand_Trekroner-Grydehøj_VK284,48.04,33.07,7.57,8.09,0.03,0.36,0.00,0.00,0.31,2.04,0.49,0.00,0.00
Estonia_Saaremaa_Salme_VK480,48.30,33.97,9.62,2.24,0.06,0.38,1.61,0.09,0.74,0.70,0.50,1.61,0.18
Estonia_Saaremaa_Salme_VK481,49.75,34.82,6.79,3.93,0.04,0.52,1.27,0.06,1.12,0.00,0.66,0.44,0.59
Estonia_Saaremaa_Salme_VK482,50.06,33.16,6.27,2.22,1.03,1.66,1.49,0.00,1.45,1.09,0.24,1.10,0.24
Estonia_Saaremaa_Salme_VK483,48.69,32.28,7.96,2.13,1.39,3.08,1.01,0.00,1.95,0.58,0.60,0.07,0.26
Estonia_Saaremaa_Salme_VK484,49.91,32.98,7.70,5.34,0.01,0.07,0.22,1.77,0.26,0.00,1.20,0.17,0.37
Estonia_Saaremaa_Salme_VK485,49.79,32.47,8.54,4.31,0.01,2.12,0.55,0.00,1.02,1.20,0.00,0.00,0.00
Estonia_Saaremaa_Salme_VK486,47.86,33.14,8.15,1.60,4.25,0.00,0.89,0.00,1.12,0.92,0.53,0.84,0.69
Estonia_Saaremaa_Salme_VK487,47.42,32.75,9.79,2.41,3.43,0.01,0.02,0.01,2.68,0.11,0.44,0.94,0.00
Estonia_Saaremaa_Salme_VK488,53.67,28.97,7.81,1.58,0.28,1.33,2.49,1.87,0.81,0.05,0.27,0.89,0.00
Estonia_Saaremaa_Salme_VK489,48.71,33.20,10.59,0.05,1.79,1.60,1.51,0.31,0.00,1.04,0.29,0.69,0.22
Estonia_Saaremaa_Salme_VK490,52.02,33.85,8.15,1.55,0.08,0.12,1.35,0.00,1.23,0.95,0.17,0.28,0.26
Estonia_Saaremaa_Salme_VK491,46.12,37.73,5.80,3.84,0.01,0.01,3.33,0.00,1.48,0.01,0.00,0.69,0.97
Estonia_Saaremaa_Salme_VK492,43.27,31.72,9.07,8.14,1.70,2.40,1.60,0.02,1.04,0.00,1.06,0.00,0.00
Estonia_Saaremaa_Salme_VK493,46.72,37.51,8.09,3.69,0.02,1.34,0.31,0.01,0.00,1.22,0.75,0.01,0.32
Estonia_Saaremaa_Salme_VK495,46.48,39.94,3.82,4.08,2.89,0.00,0.02,1.39,0.00,0.52,0.07,0.78,0.00
Estonia_Saaremaa_Salme_VK496,48.07,32.67,9.48,1.25,3.01,0.00,0.96,0.28,1.08,1.16,0.38,0.63,1.03
Estonia_Saaremaa_Salme_VK497,45.17,35.26,7.97,4.81,0.03,2.43,0.02,0.15,2.17,0.96,0.05,0.00,0.98
Estonia_Saaremaa_Salme_VK498,50.07,33.99,7.26,2.54,1.98,0.00,0.17,1.53,0.00,1.18,0.79,0.06,0.44
Estonia_Saaremaa_Salme_VK504,43.46,38.65,8.91,4.29,0.57,0.00,0.97,0.00,1.63,0.00,0.63,0.00,0.88
Estonia_Saaremaa_Salme_VK505,51.34,29.71,6.79,1.39,2.45,3.44,1.29,0.02,0.62,1.21,0.78,0.96,0.00
Estonia_Saaremaa_Salme_VK506,50.61,34.82,7.11,0.58,0.00,2.17,1.04,1.09,0.70,0.80,0.00,0.00,1.09
Estonia_Saaremaa_Salme_VK507,46.09,38.08,5.83,4.44,0.01,2.69,0.63,1.83,0.00,0.04,0.32,0.00,0.03
Estonia_Saaremaa_Salme_VK508,45.88,36.41,8.39,4.61,0.86,0.62,0.44,0.00,0.93,1.32,0.56,0.00,0.00
Estonia_Saaremaa_Salme_VK509,38.95,38.49,10.46,0.59,6.90,0.96,0.01,0.82,0.91,0.50,0.63,0.79,0.00
Estonia_Saaremaa_Salme_VK510,49.59,35.60,5.86,1.54,2.19,0.94,1.84,1.08,0.01,0.89,0.34,0.00,0.13
Estonia_Saaremaa_Salme_VK511,41.75,33.25,9.93,9.63,0.01,0.02,1.69,0.00,2.42,0.05,0.80,0.00,0.45
Estonia_Saaremaa_Salme_VK512,48.36,34.01,7.50,3.61,0.75,0.24,1.72,0.03,1.19,0.00,0.47,0.88,1.24
Estonia_Saaremaa_Salme_VK549,47.82,34.76,9.46,3.63,0.20,0.00,3.05,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.46,0.00,0.61
Estonia_Saaremaa_Salme_VK550,49.47,32.18,8.86,3.01,2.59,0.02,1.63,0.00,1.58,0.34,0.30,0.00,0.00
Estonia_Saaremaa_Salme_VK551,52.73,35.75,4.36,0.06,1.25,1.00,1.38,0.00,0.35,1.25,0.00,0.78,1.10
Estonia_Saaremaa_Salme_VK552,52.95,30.08,7.67,0.83,2.71,1.38,1.66,0.00,0.00,1.46,0.37,0.39,0.50
Estonia_Saaremaa_Salme_VK553,47.20,35.09,8.74,3.89,0.01,0.19,2.39,0.38,0.14,0.00,0.74,0.57,0.67
Estonia_Saaremaa_Salme_VK554,49.62,36.08,8.21,0.73,0.00,0.00,0.00,1.61,1.76,1.24,0.75,0.00,0.00
Estonia_Saaremaa_Salme_VK555,49.02,36.15,7.09,0.14,0.19,3.34,0.35,0.07,2.02,0.07,0.85,0.01,0.73
Faroes_Faroes_Church2_VK234,52.26,27.30,10.12,4.41,3.31,0.59,0.00,1.15,0.70,0.00,0.16,0.00,0.00
Faroes_Faroes_Church2_VK236,52.95,27.16,8.48,3.63,4.54,1.32,0.09,0.00,0.77,0.43,0.63,0.00,0.00
Faroes_Faroes_Church2_VK237,54.44,22.82,10.30,3.94,2.38,0.71,1.72,0.74,0.38,0.71,1.21,0.47,0.18
Faroes_Faroes_Church2_VK238,52.74,28.83,9.11,4.59,0.05,0.84,0.89,0.78,0.03,0.74,0.00,0.00,1.40
Faroes_Faroes_Church2_VK240,52.92,24.67,10.66,4.14,4.67,0.00,0.41,0.04,0.00,1.43,1.05,0.00,0.00
Faroes_Faroes_Church2_VK241,48.01,24.57,14.21,5.70,0.08,2.11,1.16,1.03,1.40,0.21,0.08,1.31,0.13
Faroes_Faroes_Church2_VK242,55.28,22.61,11.59,6.06,1.79,1.91,0.00,0.63,0.05,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.09
Faroes_Faroes_Church2_VK244,54.09,22.76,11.19,4.24,3.56,0.40,1.58,0.00,0.64,1.16,0.38,0.00,0.00
Faroes_Faroes_Church2_VK245,49.84,27.14,11.15,1.59,4.83,1.82,1.42,0.00,0.16,0.82,1.20,0.03,0.00
Faroes_Faroes_Church2_VK25,51.70,26.97,11.01,2.49,4.25,0.91,0.72,0.95,0.60,0.33,0.07,0.00,0.00
Faroes_Faroes_Church2_VK27,54.93,26.03,9.36,5.67,0.07,0.00,0.97,0.00,0.00,0.00,1.43,0.00,1.53
Faroes_Faroes_Church2_VK44,56.01,21.22,11.65,3.47,3.34,0.01,2.22,0.00,1.60,0.03,0.00,0.32,0.14
Faroes_Faroes_Church2_VK46,52.22,23.56,12.18,2.87,2.34,1.23,1.40,0.00,0.20,1.99,0.75,0.44,0.82
Greenland_Eastern_VK179,51.97,27.45,9.49,5.37,0.02,0.00,1.08,0.15,1.86,1.15,0.01,0.80,0.67
Greenland_Eastern_VK183,54.14,26.17,9.75,3.70,0.00,3.39,0.19,0.04,0.81,1.39,0.43,0.01,0.00
Greenland_Eastern_VK184,49.78,26.94,9.41,7.05,0.40,0.14,0.21,0.72,1.29,1.53,0.70,1.15,0.67
Greenland_Eastern_VK186,50.98,28.31,12.01,4.19,0.03,0.98,1.01,0.06,0.15,0.00,1.15,0.00,1.11
Greenland_Eastern_VK187,48.53,25.18,11.89,1.91,5.64,0.91,0.00,0.13,3.36,0.01,0.90,0.61,0.92
Greenland_Eastern_VK190,51.45,27.30,6.88,9.50,2.17,0.00,1.32,0.00,0.38,0.28,0.01,0.54,0.17
Greenland_Eastern_VK1,52.79,26.64,12.09,4.43,0.01,0.05,0.97,0.33,0.90,0.62,0.46,0.62,0.09
Greenland_Eastern_VK6,48.17,25.49,12.44,5.11,4.18,2.45,0.36,0.74,0.03,0.00,0.37,0.00,0.67
Greenland_East_Settlement_Ø029_VK513,49.40,32.17,6.43,3.25,0.74,0.70,3.25,0.00,1.91,1.51,0.27,0.38,0.00
Greenland_Western_VK75,48.46,28.63,9.98,8.95,0.08,0.00,1.24,0.05,0.39,1.50,0.72,0.00,0.00
Iceland_Hofstadir_Hofstadir_VK101,45.35,25.05,12.52,8.88,2.01,1.35,1.85,0.26,0.15,1.29,0.76,0.04,0.48
Iceland_Hofstadir_Hofstadir_VK102,54.56,22.66,9.64,8.13,0.25,0.27,1.32,0.17,0.00,1.62,0.26,0.02,1.11
Iceland_Hofstadir_Hofstadir_VK110,52.64,22.65,11.96,6.87,1.25,0.46,0.05,1.08,0.00,1.06,0.02,1.95,0.01
Iceland_Hofstadir_Hofstadir_VK111,50.64,21.52,16.27,3.75,2.48,0.82,2.74,0.88,0.10,0.77,0.02,0.00,0.00
Iceland_Hofstadir_Hofstadir_VK122,44.81,29.56,13.15,2.31,2.86,2.14,1.39,0.43,1.46,0.39,1.13,0.14,0.23
Iceland_Hofstadir_Hofstadir_VK123,47.28,24.72,11.26,6.44,5.22,0.03,1.36,0.60,0.96,0.75,0.00,1.39,0.00
Iceland_Hofstadir_Hofstadir_VK95,47.43,21.92,15.35,2.85,5.50,1.37,3.35,0.24,0.94,0.38,0.31,0.01,0.33
Iceland_Hofstadir_Hofstadir_VK98,47.41,30.80,5.73,5.23,5.33,0.00,1.46,0.00,0.01,2.00,0.52,1.44,0.07
Iceland_Hofstadir_Hofstadir_VK99,49.63,24.91,10.88,8.59,0.02,1.56,0.02,0.51,1.38,1.73,0.34,0.00,0.41
Iceland_Hofstadir_VK225,53.63,29.17,9.53,3.97,0.01,0.00,1.14,0.19,0.36,1.47,0.00,0.52,0.00
Iceland_Hofstadir_VK227,47.91,31.98,8.32,3.85,2.45,0.25,2.21,0.00,1.00,0.02,0.83,0.03,1.16
Iceland_Hofstadir_VK230,51.63,21.88,13.39,5.39,2.26,0.03,2.46,0.75,0.00,1.66,0.00,0.55,0.01
Iceland_Hringsdalur_Hringsdalur_VK127,49.98,23.49,12.56,4.89,3.51,0.00,0.37,0.00,2.70,0.00,0.26,1.03,1.21
Iceland_Hringsdalur_Hringsdalur_VK128,50.54,28.14,10.88,2.72,0.74,2.70,0.73,0.00,1.21,0.51,1.28,0.00,0.55
Iceland_Ingiridarstadir_Ingiridarstadir_VK129,44.09,32.91,7.66,3.80,0.04,1.50,3.34,0.00,4.85,0.62,0.26,0.13,0.81
Ireland_Dublin_Finglas_VK544,50.97,28.92,8.23,3.36,4.13,0.42,0.00,0.00,0.00,1.31,1.59,0.82,0.26
Ireland_Dublin_Ship_Street_Great_VK545,50.58,22.65,13.30,8.74,0.01,0.17,1.28,0.00,0.00,1.53,0.00,1.40,0.33
Ireland_Eyrephort_Eyrephort_VK543,50.91,27.69,9.32,7.99,0.03,0.10,0.48,0.00,1.84,0.69,0.00,0.95,0.01
IsleOfMan_IsleOfMan_Balladoole_VK170,47.10,30.73,11.43,2.45,0.04,0.00,2.66,0.36,1.61,1.85,0.09,1.45,0.24
Italy_Foggia_Cancarro_VK536,24.66,6.95,25.23,12.90,22.25,4.64,0.00,0.21,1.65,0.00,0.01,0.86,0.64
Italy_Foggia_Cancarro_VK537,20.92,6.77,18.77,11.67,32.31,6.43,0.66,0.00,0.96,0.00,0.00,0.77,0.71
Italy_Foggia_Cancarro_VK538,27.28,20.37,19.10,8.20,16.99,5.39,0.03,0.53,1.20,0.02,0.21,0.62,0.06
Italy_Foggia_San_Lorenzo_VK534,15.96,8.90,22.29,16.06,28.71,4.69,1.05,1.12,0.32,0.05,0.27,0.55,0.05
Italy_Foggia_San_Lorenzo_VK535,16.86,7.59,24.64,15.86,23.65,5.35,2.56,1.38,0.00,0.01,0.39,1.51,0.21
Norway_Nor_Mid_Nord-Trondelag_VK548,52.10,31.00,6.67,4.86,0.14,0.51,0.57,2.14,0.00,0.89,0.00,0.82,0.30
Norway_Nor_Mid_Sor-Trondelag_VK516,49.04,35.06,7.87,3.21,0.19,0.00,0.00,0.52,1.52,1.28,1.31,0.00,0.00
Norway_Nor_Mid_Sor-Trondelag_VK523,46.48,37.23,7.84,3.95,0.00,0.00,0.94,0.59,0.97,0.61,0.11,1.28,0.00
Norway_Nor_Mid_Trondheim_VK117,46.50,29.36,11.00,5.45,3.59,0.42,0.42,1.17,0.00,0.33,0.00,1.37,0.38
Norway_Nor_North_Nordland_VK388,49.02,29.18,8.64,6.50,0.00,1.47,0.12,0.00,1.62,1.12,0.70,0.61,1.02
Norway_Nor_North_Nordland_VK418,51.71,29.23,7.58,4.53,0.00,1.49,2.06,0.00,2.32,0.00,0.00,0.05,1.02
Norway_Nor_North_Nordland_VK419,50.03,33.64,6.17,3.18,0.00,0.43,1.48,0.20,2.55,0.94,0.17,0.61,0.60
Norway_Nor_North_Nordland_VK514,46.88,32.71,7.62,4.64,1.54,1.88,1.52,2.11,0.00,0.12,0.93,0.00,0.05
Norway_Nor_North_Nordland_VK515,53.12,26.87,8.99,4.88,1.91,0.01,0.00,2.49,0.01,1.05,0.00,0.43,0.25
Norway_Nor_North_Nordland_VK518,20.99,39.89,0.00,0.16,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,31.18,6.88,0.89,0.00,0.01
Norway_Nor_North_Nordland_VK524,51.59,31.19,5.51,4.98,0.00,0.05,1.16,1.03,2.07,1.01,1.08,0.00,0.33
Norway_Nor_North_Nordland_VK525,55.52,21.97,12.79,5.54,0.03,0.06,1.89,0.73,0.01,0.18,0.00,0.64,0.64
Norway_Nor_North_Nordland_VK526,48.09,28.59,12.72,5.56,2.06,0.00,0.34,0.47,0.01,1.12,1.01,0.03,0.01
Norway_Nor_North_Nordland_VK529,50.93,30.83,5.14,5.28,3.99,0.00,0.00,0.03,1.36,2.24,0.01,0.16,0.01
Norway_Nor_North_Nordland_VK530,53.81,19.75,13.82,8.14,1.87,0.00,0.73,0.22,1.08,0.00,0.33,0.00,0.24
Norway_Nor_North_Nordland_VK547,47.05,34.06,7.94,4.84,0.46,0.00,0.73,0.45,1.97,1.06,0.76,0.65,0.04
Norway_Nor_North_Troms_VK520,52.51,32.49,5.76,4.13,0.04,0.00,0.26,2.10,1.18,1.48,0.00,0.01,0.07
Norway_Nor_North_Troms_VK528,53.91,22.00,12.28,5.49,2.84,0.04,2.58,0.10,0.44,0.00,0.00,0.01,0.29
Norway_Nor_North_Troms_VK531,28.72,60.64,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,1.71,8.56,0.19,0.00,0.17
Norway_Nor_South_Hedmark_VK393,50.47,32.08,7.60,4.92,0.94,0.59,1.95,0.32,0.33,0.47,0.15,0.00,0.18
Norway_Nor_South_Hedmark_VK394,49.46,33.16,5.10,5.69,0.01,1.57,1.56,0.61,0.39,1.51,0.00,0.09,0.84
Norway_Nor_South_Hedmark_VK420,52.80,25.97,12.55,3.50,0.00,0.74,0.12,0.35,1.17,1.14,0.00,0.00,1.66
Norway_Nor_South_Hedmark_VK422,51.83,26.68,8.61,3.33,2.93,0.00,1.45,0.00,0.81,1.22,1.57,0.05,1.52
Norway_Nor_South_Hedmark_VK448,48.19,19.51,14.50,6.69,6.75,2.16,0.01,0.00,0.22,0.44,1.52,0.00,0.00
Norway_Nor_South_Oppland_VK386,55.39,21.65,13.07,4.55,0.03,0.00,2.41,0.00,0.00,2.01,0.89,0.00,0.00
Norway_Nor_South_Oppland_VK387,52.59,31.81,5.05,3.01,2.06,0.04,0.15,0.00,1.74,1.22,0.77,0.04,1.53
Norway_Nor_South_Oppland_VK414,48.59,30.67,7.16,0.52,4.02,0.00,3.37,0.00,2.40,1.44,0.56,1.06,0.21
Norway_Nor_South_Oppland_VK415,48.09,30.45,10.54,6.34,0.04,0.39,0.00,0.08,1.71,0.01,1.08,0.08,1.19
Norway_Nor_South_Oppland_VK417,46.55,35.73,8.30,0.05,0.02,0.00,1.39,0.01,4.04,1.10,1.74,0.00,1.08
Norway_Nor_South_Telemark_VK389,48.48,32.37,7.81,5.47,0.00,0.00,2.72,0.04,0.84,1.34,0.00,0.00,0.92
Norway_Nor_South_Telemark_VK390,51.33,31.21,7.13,4.79,0.07,0.00,1.91,0.00,0.72,1.46,0.01,0.43,0.93
Norway_Nor_South_Telemark_VK391,48.02,34.70,7.68,7.24,0.03,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.04,0.21,0.52,0.85,0.70
Norway_Nor_South_Telemark_VK392,49.16,32.47,8.15,3.93,3.73,0.11,0.00,0.83,0.00,0.06,0.37,0.16,1.02
Poland_Bodzia_VK154,42.46,42.06,6.34,3.39,0.08,1.08,0.94,0.94,0.00,1.23,0.38,0.00,1.09
Poland_Bodzia_VK155,38.12,39.31,12.13,5.86,0.00,0.25,1.31,0.00,0.00,2.63,0.07,0.01,0.31
Poland_Bodzia_VK156,34.00,43.47,9.13,4.73,4.63,0.11,0.00,0.62,0.74,1.86,0.61,0.00,0.09
Poland_Bodzia_VK157,35.68,44.53,10.56,1.62,0.08,3.48,1.02,0.00,0.08,0.84,1.02,0.06,1.03
Poland_Cedynia_Cedynia_VK212,29.28,48.90,9.28,3.81,2.86,0.47,1.78,0.00,1.21,0.00,0.44,1.93,0.04
Russia_Gnezdovo_VK223,44.70,37.15,10.88,0.00,0.04,0.46,3.99,1.46,0.00,0.69,0.20,0.09,0.35
Russia_Gnezdovo_VK254,24.16,31.71,13.29,7.45,12.77,3.54,0.01,1.15,4.37,0.97,0.09,0.03,0.46
Russia_Gnezdovo_VK273,35.08,40.09,10.05,8.16,1.76,0.05,0.34,0.00,0.00,0.77,1.53,1.29,0.88
Russia_Kurevanikha_VK160,26.12,52.78,8.65,3.61,2.77,1.19,0.52,1.51,0.79,0.57,0.00,0.45,1.05
Russia_Ladoga_VK15,47.87,26.15,11.96,5.49,2.30,1.28,1.38,0.12,0.81,0.69,1.48,0.06,0.41
Russia_Ladoga_VK16,43.83,29.11,7.58,0.16,8.13,3.05,2.03,0.89,2.08,1.30,0.00,1.57,0.28
Russia_Ladoga_VK17,42.72,43.67,7.15,0.01,1.74,0.00,0.00,0.00,2.68,0.31,0.10,0.00,1.62
Russia_Ladoga_VK18,42.96,40.13,6.90,1.47,0.01,0.00,1.60,0.26,3.33,0.54,1.00,0.74,1.07
Russia_Ladoga_VK19,34.07,38.59,11.38,6.27,3.62,0.05,0.00,0.77,1.63,1.47,0.00,0.02,2.13
Russia_Ladoga_VK20,52.02,29.82,8.54,2.88,0.01,0.00,0.00,0.00,2.44,1.92,1.81,0.14,0.40
Russia_Ladoga_VK218,47.48,22.33,10.42,6.75,6.13,2.85,0.00,0.01,1.54,0.05,0.00,2.07,0.37
Russia_Ladoga_VK219,43.29,33.33,10.40,2.15,3.37,1.18,3.25,1.32,0.53,0.08,0.09,0.96,0.04
Russia_Ladoga_VK220,45.33,34.42,10.44,3.16,2.63,0.03,2.54,0.00,0.58,0.06,0.66,0.00,0.15
Russia_Ladoga_VK221,44.22,37.92,7.86,4.79,0.04,0.64,0.80,1.04,1.91,0.66,0.10,0.02,0.00
Russia_Ladoga_VK23,45.04,31.89,11.74,6.20,0.00,0.34,0.00,0.00,2.54,0.90,0.77,0.02,0.55
Russia_Pskov_VK159,29.04,49.94,7.25,3.05,4.70,0.07,2.60,0.00,0.00,1.74,0.29,1.01,0.32
Sweden_Gotland_Frojel_VK429,51.50,22.85,13.08,7.54,0.04,0.01,3.37,0.00,0.00,1.05,0.00,0.33,0.25
Sweden_Gotland_Frojel_VK431,39.61,26.48,18.00,0.22,6.38,1.44,4.24,1.08,0.00,0.03,0.16,2.36,0.00
Sweden_Gotland_Frojel_VK432,20.89,66.27,6.13,3.82,0.00,0.00,1.05,0.01,0.12,0.00,0.00,0.26,1.46
Sweden_Gotland_Frojel_VK433,46.47,30.47,8.51,7.15,0.70,2.58,0.44,0.00,0.48,1.07,0.56,0.00,1.56
Sweden_Gotland_Frojel_VK434,28.67,63.04,3.41,0.61,0.00,0.00,0.19,0.00,3.27,0.80,0.01,0.00,0.00
Sweden_Gotland_Frojel_VK455,59.06,24.88,7.15,3.77,0.04,0.00,2.82,1.07,0.00,0.80,0.15,0.00,0.24
Sweden_Gotland_Frojel_VK456,53.81,20.85,12.78,7.19,0.03,0.00,3.41,0.00,0.00,0.62,0.05,1.25,0.00
Sweden_Gotland_Frojel_VK460,55.68,24.80,6.96,6.40,1.27,0.10,1.59,1.33,0.00,0.77,0.51,0.58,0.00
Sweden_Gotland_Frojel_VK461,35.95,50.74,1.37,2.23,1.06,0.08,0.00,0.00,3.92,0.05,0.93,3.69,0.00
Sweden_Gotland_Frojel_VK463,27.73,61.27,7.17,0.88,0.03,0.00,0.14,0.00,0.00,0.99,0.00,0.23,1.56
Sweden_Gotland_Frojel_VK56,26.61,52.46,3.85,1.14,0.04,0.00,1.84,0.11,8.56,2.89,0.84,0.00,1.67
Sweden_Gotland_Frojel_VK58,51.87,27.97,8.39,6.35,1.54,1.15,0.00,0.83,0.26,0.00,0.62,0.26,0.74
Sweden_Gotland_Frojel_VK60,34.94,52.40,5.84,1.28,2.15,0.66,1.22,0.00,0.00,0.14,0.22,0.01,1.13
Sweden_Gotland_Frojel_VK64,37.52,40.21,11.25,6.33,0.22,0.00,1.98,0.00,0.59,0.39,0.31,1.19,0.00
Sweden_Gotland_Kopparsvik_VK232,55.99,22.71,6.70,4.20,6.14,1.55,0.01,0.45,0.29,1.67,0.31,0.00,0.00
Sweden_Gotland_Kopparsvik_VK452,33.71,52.07,6.37,0.54,0.00,0.25,4.22,0.89,0.26,0.29,0.54,0.85,0.00
Sweden_Gotland_Kopparsvik_VK454,23.58,47.22,14.61,3.70,4.12,1.48,0.02,2.86,0.00,0.23,1.71,0.46,0.00
Sweden_Gotland_Kopparsvik_VK468,44.47,28.38,11.75,6.14,6.86,0.25,0.07,0.03,0.73,0.12,0.05,0.11,1.06
Sweden_Gotland_Kopparsvik_VK469,50.82,29.60,11.20,2.76,1.23,2.51,0.51,0.13,0.10,0.89,0.10,0.00,0.16
Sweden_Gotland_Kopparsvik_VK473,39.10,40.43,11.07,2.68,2.00,0.75,0.70,0.00,0.68,0.31,1.70,0.31,0.27
Sweden_Gotland_Kopparsvik_VK474,31.73,46.83,8.40,2.13,5.27,1.82,0.02,0.01,0.47,1.01,1.72,0.31,0.29
Sweden_Gotland_Kopparsvik_VK475,27.21,57.12,8.21,0.03,1.27,1.22,3.01,0.00,0.34,0.85,0.32,0.40,0.03
Sweden_Gotland_Kopparsvik_VK477,41.62,22.37,16.90,6.28,9.50,0.01,0.01,0.01,1.34,1.39,0.00,0.57,0.00
Sweden_Gotland_Kopparsvik_VK478,29.88,61.75,3.37,1.50,0.03,0.16,1.52,0.00,0.01,0.00,0.04,0.47,1.26
Sweden_Gotland_Kopparsvik_VK479,51.99,28.77,11.86,4.08,0.01,0.03,0.94,0.00,0.81,0.56,0.15,0.19,0.61
Sweden_Gotland_Kopparsvik_VK48,49.77,30.36,8.83,5.14,1.73,0.00,3.11,0.00,0.30,0.00,0.00,0.76,0.00
Sweden_Gotland_Kopparsvik_VK50,49.97,36.10,6.75,1.23,0.00,1.98,0.83,1.76,0.01,0.36,0.14,0.76,0.12
Sweden_Gotland_Kopparsvik_VK51,35.08,52.80,2.46,0.97,0.07,2.38,0.00,1.15,2.73,0.10,0.82,1.41,0.01
Sweden_Gotland_Kopparsvik_VK53,31.55,41.38,13.95,2.64,4.91,1.01,0.00,0.90,0.74,0.00,0.99,0.12,1.82
Sweden_Karda_VK265,43.37,17.40,20.20,6.70,5.93,1.92,1.45,0.27,2.36,0.00,0.34,0.06,0.00
Sweden_Karda_VK266,43.69,23.24,12.82,8.03,7.60,1.80,1.66,0.00,0.00,0.16,0.06,0.00,0.93
Sweden_Malmo_Ljungbacka_VK108,47.09,31.94,7.61,8.47,1.63,0.00,0.49,0.00,0.25,1.62,0.00,0.58,0.32
Sweden_Oland_VK332,44.18,24.82,16.46,5.83,4.24,0.00,0.58,0.57,0.21,1.21,0.01,1.90,0.00
Sweden_Oland_VK333,45.19,20.52,17.63,3.92,8.09,0.56,0.78,0.19,0.00,1.29,0.42,1.15,0.28
Sweden_Oland_VK334,44.92,36.03,7.54,1.86,2.26,0.00,1.11,1.28,2.20,0.33,1.10,0.25,1.12
Sweden_Oland_VK335,52.48,25.55,8.92,5.80,0.02,0.67,3.03,0.00,1.07,0.00,0.18,2.16,0.11
Sweden_Oland_VK336,43.08,14.95,20.87,6.88,10.85,1.48,0.01,1.05,0.00,0.44,0.07,0.03,0.31
Sweden_Oland_VK337,44.12,26.89,12.17,8.24,4.68,0.81,0.55,0.00,0.97,0.00,0.80,0.41,0.35
Sweden_Oland_VK342,42.97,39.69,9.43,1.50,0.03,0.27,0.83,0.46,1.81,1.18,0.22,0.77,0.86
Sweden_Oland_VK343,51.86,35.74,4.45,0.00,1.37,1.28,2.08,0.06,1.54,0.75,0.00,0.41,0.47
Sweden_Oland_VK344,46.36,30.83,7.71,8.06,2.92,0.38,1.34,0.12,0.00,0.63,0.44,0.41,0.79
Sweden_Oland_VK345,40.69,16.13,24.52,2.41,8.18,1.25,0.27,0.66,0.00,1.57,0.82,3.50,0.00
Sweden_Oland_VK346,39.51,27.19,16.13,4.13,9.84,0.01,0.36,0.00,0.50,0.00,0.58,1.00,0.75
Sweden_Oland_VK348,47.04,33.72,5.20,1.34,3.05,3.07,0.43,0.00,2.00,1.62,1.28,0.07,1.17
Sweden_Oland_VK349,50.51,23.13,14.42,3.65,0.68,1.00,5.55,0.00,0.02,0.00,0.00,0.26,0.77
Sweden_Oland_VK350,43.81,19.99,18.18,4.22,10.95,1.72,0.43,0.00,0.00,0.01,0.33,0.00,0.37
Sweden_Oland_VK352,44.08,32.07,7.76,7.29,1.39,1.06,1.87,0.00,0.51,1.78,1.45,0.00,0.74
Sweden_Oland_VK353,50.75,19.66,14.09,1.88,8.06,0.01,1.08,0.00,2.76,0.10,0.00,0.94,0.68
Sweden_Oland_VK354,41.99,39.46,6.19,2.71,3.46,0.00,0.02,0.00,1.82,0.83,1.74,1.80,0.00
Sweden_Oland_VK355,49.15,18.40,15.91,4.91,5.83,0.57,0.31,1.25,0.30,0.06,1.41,1.86,0.03
Sweden_Oland_VK357,46.37,19.65,19.65,4.47,5.17,0.00,0.00,1.10,0.00,0.00,1.96,0.17,1.45
Sweden_Oland_VK358,43.89,35.88,14.01,0.50,1.10,0.30,2.47,0.00,0.49,0.21,0.16,0.04,0.95
Sweden_Oland_VK442,38.11,21.88,18.72,8.00,8.01,0.28,1.78,0.46,0.02,1.15,0.30,0.00,1.29
Sweden_Oland_VK443,37.86,41.66,9.55,5.42,0.01,0.51,1.56,0.59,0.02,1.97,0.55,0.08,0.22
Sweden_Oland_VK444,41.37,16.55,15.21,10.28,9.70,2.06,2.92,0.00,0.31,0.92,0.00,0.46,0.22
Sweden_Oland_VK522,56.49,29.67,8.58,0.30,0.41,0.04,1.36,1.21,0.14,0.35,0.77,0.01,0.68
Sweden_Oland_VK533,43.19,39.90,7.79,2.50,2.44,0.11,0.11,0.00,0.00,2.38,0.19,0.66,0.73
Sweden_Skara_Varnhem_VK29,51.79,28.58,10.43,3.35,1.03,0.32,1.37,0.00,0.67,0.89,0.21,0.76,0.60
Sweden_Skara_Varnhem_VK303,48.86,30.18,10.93,3.35,0.12,2.85,0.00,0.00,0.80,0.91,0.75,1.25,0.00
Sweden_Skara_Varnhem_VK306,47.93,31.21,11.36,3.47,1.43,0.75,1.56,0.00,0.85,0.07,0.00,0.02,1.36
Sweden_Skara_Varnhem_VK308,47.26,32.64,10.84,2.76,1.41,0.90,2.12,0.18,0.00,1.52,0.00,0.01,0.37
Sweden_Skara_Varnhem_VK309,31.40,48.51,10.37,1.24,3.20,3.06,0.00,0.70,0.01,0.00,0.87,0.00,0.64
Sweden_Skara_Varnhem_VK30,46.92,27.13,10.18,6.56,4.04,1.99,0.00,0.00,1.39,0.75,0.01,0.91,0.12
Sweden_Skara_Varnhem_VK31,49.10,21.89,12.14,7.67,2.03,5.50,1.30,0.00,0.37,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00
Sweden_Skara_Varnhem_VK33,50.88,30.38,9.13,4.95,1.26,1.17,1.34,0.00,0.70,0.02,0.00,0.00,0.17
Sweden_Skara_Varnhem_VK34,47.92,28.57,10.66,8.51,0.02,1.34,1.25,0.00,0.00,0.45,0.00,0.82,0.45
Sweden_Skara_Varnhem_VK35,51.72,24.45,10.95,5.55,1.14,0.88,1.34,0.04,0.48,1.10,1.10,1.25,0.00
Sweden_Skara_Varnhem_VK395,26.85,57.78,6.11,1.37,0.00,1.15,0.00,0.00,3.45,0.91,0.71,0.06,1.60
Sweden_Skara_Varnhem_VK396,44.10,24.36,17.74,6.51,2.05,1.69,0.01,0.00,0.06,0.78,0.43,2.26,0.00
Sweden_Skara_Varnhem_VK397,36.83,43.00,7.31,4.90,3.98,0.00,0.73,0.05,2.00,0.40,0.06,0.56,0.18
Sweden_Skara_Varnhem_VK398,46.16,23.20,12.09,8.01,3.89,2.84,0.87,0.01,1.37,0.47,0.57,0.05,0.47
Sweden_Skara_Varnhem_VK399,49.37,30.56,11.02,3.67,1.88,0.21,0.21,0.01,1.71,0.24,0.00,0.01,1.10
Sweden_Skara_Varnhem_VK400,50.05,25.00,11.99,6.85,0.07,1.92,0.82,0.39,0.18,1.79,0.94,0.00,0.00
Sweden_Skara_Varnhem_VK401,52.49,28.79,10.23,2.36,2.05,0.00,0.02,0.00,0.00,1.06,1.50,0.77,0.74
Sweden_Skara_Varnhem_VK402,48.93,27.69,12.47,4.41,2.55,0.94,0.01,1.57,0.57,0.20,0.00,0.29,0.38
Sweden_Skara_Varnhem_VK403,39.80,21.90,17.83,6.69,7.28,1.91,0.38,0.06,0.35,1.59,1.42,0.38,0.40
Sweden_Skara_Varnhem_VK404,46.94,37.07,4.25,0.03,5.44,3.11,1.69,0.00,0.00,0.53,0.42,0.01,0.52
Sweden_Skara_Varnhem_VK405,47.74,26.00,12.19,4.86,4.04,0.01,2.04,0.00,0.00,1.26,1.58,0.27,0.01
Sweden_Skara_Varnhem_VK406,51.13,31.07,9.03,1.79,0.94,0.39,2.24,1.27,0.63,0.49,0.49,0.45,0.08
Sweden_Skara_Varnhem_VK407,48.45,29.44,8.18,10.06,0.56,0.00,1.26,0.28,0.00,0.26,0.58,0.92,0.00
Sweden_Skara_Varnhem_VK40,53.49,25.11,11.03,4.27,0.92,1.25,0.79,0.00,0.08,1.18,0.00,0.89,0.99
Sweden_Skara_Varnhem_VK42,47.63,22.38,16.73,3.73,4.28,0.49,2.04,0.00,0.75,1.31,0.26,0.25,0.16
Sweden_Uppsala_Skämsta_VK517,45.66,37.10,5.46,2.96,0.67,1.73,2.08,0.00,2.52,0.98,0.39,0.06,0.38
Sweden_Uppsala_Skämsta_VK527,47.60,37.76,7.30,1.46,0.04,1.54,2.08,0.00,1.02,0.00,1.18,0.00,0.03
UK_Dorset_VK256,50.50,26.18,11.02,4.02,3.62,0.04,0.56,1.76,0.03,0.08,0.24,1.89,0.05
UK_Dorset_VK257,47.23,28.55,13.13,3.45,2.18,1.48,0.05,0.00,2.21,0.09,0.01,0.87,0.75
UK_Dorset_VK258,51.08,25.74,8.70,5.91,0.23,2.61,1.06,1.46,1.25,0.00,0.00,0.00,1.95
UK_Dorset_VK259,53.92,25.59,8.90,4.93,0.32,1.49,0.65,0.00,0.00,1.01,1.05,0.00,2.13
UK_Dorset_VK260,46.39,23.33,14.79,6.57,1.32,0.02,2.81,0.66,0.05,2.27,0.07,0.02,1.69
UK_Dorset_VK261,48.58,21.97,13.32,4.30,6.29,0.95,0.00,1.01,0.81,0.00,1.25,0.34,1.18
UK_Dorset_VK262,48.33,23.50,13.10,7.23,3.38,0.00,0.04,1.29,0.31,1.02,0.43,0.37,1.01
UK_Dorset_VK263,41.80,33.38,10.18,7.62,0.01,0.40,1.47,1.62,0.61,0.80,0.40,0.04,1.68
UK_Dorset_VK264,43.87,28.55,12.70,7.96,2.58,0.41,0.00,0.06,0.78,1.46,0.00,0.77,0.86
UK_Dorset_VK449,50.79,23.69,12.77,8.57,0.07,0.01,1.61,0.00,1.46,0.64,0.00,0.37,0.00
UK_Orkney_VK201,55.98,19.56,11.58,7.92,0.78,1.75,0.18,0.00,0.00,0.48,0.99,0.00,0.77
UK_Orkney_VK202,53.27,22.39,14.66,4.87,0.15,0.00,2.31,0.00,0.00,1.64,0.04,0.00,0.65
UK_Orkney_VK203,50.73,24.32,12.76,8.49,0.00,0.04,3.09,0.00,0.01,0.00,0.04,0.00,0.51
UK_Orkney_VK204,55.13,25.33,8.90,6.68,0.05,0.75,0.00,1.97,0.24,0.00,0.81,0.01,0.14
UK_Orkney_VK205,51.41,22.81,8.78,6.32,6.04,1.28,0.81,0.00,0.28,1.15,0.22,0.88,0.03
UK_Orkney_VK207,52.11,20.83,16.02,5.28,1.63,0.61,0.58,0.00,0.63,0.46,0.82,0.92,0.11
UK_Oxford_VK143,50.03,28.97,9.77,4.77,0.44,0.76,1.79,0.00,0.92,0.01,1.13,1.37,0.03
UK_Oxford_VK145,43.17,31.24,8.74,7.14,4.37,1.14,0.42,0.43,0.52,1.21,0.44,0.05,1.12
UK_Oxford_VK146,34.17,18.45,22.66,9.05,11.68,0.74,1.44,0.07,0.01,0.19,0.24,0.49,0.81
UK_Oxford_VK147,47.85,30.05,11.43,4.24,1.01,0.23,0.79,0.21,1.84,0.90,0.00,0.00,1.44
UK_Oxford_VK150,45.18,24.00,13.16,2.39,10.57,0.75,1.59,0.00,0.44,1.62,0.00,0.30,0.00
UK_Oxford_VK151,55.50,28.09,5.16,5.49,0.00,0.10,1.35,0.59,0.56,0.88,0.94,0.00,1.33
UK_Oxford_VK165,51.42,27.99,9.09,5.16,0.01,0.23,0.44,1.71,1.48,0.63,0.55,0.00,1.30
UK_Oxford_VK166,44.68,25.69,14.81,4.79,4.38,0.91,0.18,2.50,0.00,0.14,1.00,0.41,0.51
UK_Oxford_VK167,50.37,31.08,6.96,4.85,1.94,0.10,1.59,0.13,0.01,2.12,0.75,0.08,0.00
UK_Oxford_VK168,55.22,26.31,9.96,1.40,0.12,1.21,2.42,0.87,0.84,0.17,0.00,0.00,1.48
UK_Oxford_VK172,52.03,30.76,8.04,1.95,1.37,0.00,3.48,0.00,0.30,1.14,0.24,0.40,0.30
UK_Oxford_VK173,51.13,25.66,12.83,3.77,1.56,2.00,0.50,0.70,0.21,0.89,0.00,0.31,0.45
UK_Oxford_VK174,45.66,29.23,11.82,7.39,0.05,0.27,2.38,0.01,0.48,1.14,0.59,0.63,0.37
UK_Oxford_VK175,48.43,38.00,5.70,2.73,0.19,0.21,0.00,0.00,0.39,1.29,0.31,2.06,0.68
UK_Oxford_VK176,48.71,31.91,7.79,3.91,0.06,2.79,1.29,0.00,1.12,0.34,0.21,0.87,1.01
UK_Oxford_VK177,47.81,21.80,17.65,7.15,0.29,0.47,0.00,0.77,1.48,0.00,0.46,0.44,1.70
UK_Oxford_VK178,47.09,24.33,13.43,3.70,3.81,2.37,2.18,0.00,0.00,1.77,0.00,0.09,1.23
Ukraine_Chernigov_Chernigov_VK542,22.90,43.85,10.87,7.73,9.27,0.63,0.11,0.00,1.93,0.25,1.09,0.90,0.46
Ukraine_Lutsk_Lutsk_VK541,23.84,44.77,12.48,5.84,7.38,0.92,1.74,0.00,1.27,0.18,0.97,0.04,0.56
Ukraine_Shestovitsa_Shestovitsa_VK539,44.81,39.99,4.63,3.22,0.66,0.04,0.08,0.10,3.33,1.60,0.73,0.00,0.82
Ukraine_Shestovitsa_Shestovitsa_VK540,52.91,36.00,4.74,0.98,0.22,0.00,0.00,0.51,0.81,1.45,1.18,1.20,0.01
Sweden_Sigtuna_grt035,60.57,22.14,9.27,4.83,0.06,1.21,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.89,0.00,1.04,0.00
Sweden_Sigtuna_grt036,40.19,37.87,10.85,1.53,5.94,1.74,0.25,1.11,0.34,0.00,0.02,0.16,0.00
Sweden_Sigtuna_kal006,37.95,51.06,0.06,0.54,0.00,0.28,1.61,4.08,2.93,0.00,0.71,0.00,0.77
Sweden_Sigtuna_stg021,45.72,30.74,10.92,2.98,0.03,2.23,3.04,0.33,0.97,1.56,0.00,1.04,0.45
Sweden_Sigtuna_t84001,53.50,24.63,7.86,4.53,3.73,0.03,0.00,1.76,1.42,1.17,0.80,0.26,0.32
Sweden_Sigtuna_t84005,43.01,39.37,2.08,4.21,2.41,1.66,2.99,1.44,0.33,0.14,0.03,2.28,0.06
Sweden_Sigtuna_urm160,40.94,39.78,5.53,3.91,0.03,0.00,5.52,0.26,1.09,0.98,0.00,1.97,0.00

 

 


Wednesday, September 16, 2020

Study: Southwestern Finnish samples from the late Viking Age to the 1200s

A new study has landed on the earth, including 6 Finnish female samples and 2 Finnish male samples. According results Finnish samples look very similar to modern Southwestern Finns, Ukrainians and Belarusians. Two male included belonging to the haplogroup N, but results are not very informative, because they are at same level with ancient Kola Peninsula samples (Bolshoy Oleni Ostrov samples).  There is also a close-up PCA plot showing close relation to medieval Estonian samples from Saag et al. 2019 and two Swedish Viking Age samples from Sigtuna, namely kal006 and stg020. The study gives different result than the original study (Maja Krzewinska et al. 2018: Genomic and Strontium Isotope Variation Reveal Immigration Patterns in a Viking Age Town) for stg020, because stg020 from the Church 1 burial is according to the original study an outlier from East Europe (Ukraine?), anyway not a Finnish migrant. Who knows what is the truth...  No genome data publicly available, as usual in case of Finnish studies.  

https://eaa.klinkhamergroup.com/eaa2...q51ZoW7lGj99c0

Tuesday, August 18, 2020

Popular Vahaduo Oracle for Finns

I made a small oracle experience using ancient dna.  It is a simple exercize giving possibility to get personal admixture results using the Vahaduo online service.  You need to have your own Eurogenes K13 results from Gedmatch and place it and following source data to the Vahaduo service.  Just replace original source data by  following lines:

Estonian_IA,30.75,58.15,3.52,1.28,0.03,0.47,1.42,0.00,1.98,0.49,0.35,0.24,1.31
Levanluhta_IA,22.40,45.36,1.2,0.01,0.00,0.07,3.07,0.58,23.35,3.30,0.00,0.00,0.62
VolgaForestSteppe_CWC,35.78,37.16,0.02,18.65,0.00,0.00,3.55,0.00,1.51,2.51,0.00,0.00,0.82
Scandinavian_IA,54.70,30.08,6.46,2.79,0.00,1.71,1.35,0.00,0.41,1.71,0.00,0.04,0.77

Then place your K13 result as a target and calculate distant, single or multiple results dependnig on your own sample number.  Here is a multiple sample result:

 

Or you can use same data with your own oracle calculator instead of Vahaduo.

edit 20.8.2020 20:15

 

Sigtuna samples (Viking Age Swedish) without Volga Forest Steppe give better distances than Scandinavian Iron Age.  

Estonian_IA,30.75,58.15,3.52,1.28,0.03,0.47,1.42,0.00,1.98,0.49,0.35,0.24,1.31
Levanluhta_IA,22.40,45.36,1.2,0.01,0.00,0.07,3.07,0.58,23.35,3.30,0.00,0.00,0.62
Sigtuna,47.36,33.02,8.05,5.04,0.09,0.45,1.01,0.85,0.80,0.82,0.74,1.44,0.34



 

 

 

 

Friday, August 14, 2020

I-L258 brought Proto-Germanic language to Finland?

It is a well-known idea that Baltic-Finnic languages, including Finnish and Estonian, and Saami adopted hundreds Proto-Germanic loan words, but it is poorly known where it happened and even more poorly how it happened, because Germanic speakers lived in Scandinavia, Central and West Europe and Baltic Finnic and Saami speakers lived in the other side of the Baltic Sea.  This is all proven by historical sources and research of prehistory.   Even though many geneticists willingly search support from linguistic theories and studies for their own conclusion they have not solved this question.   It is also a no-brainer that conclusions made between genes and languages can't hold causation, thus proving genetic divergence doesn't call for linguistic parity and it is question about correlation and how exclusive it is.

So let's look where the loan word adaptation would have happened based on linguistic theories.  The most common idea for the Germanic urheimat is in the area area from North Germany to Southern Scandinavia.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Proto-Germanic_language

I think that this is the best estimation, although I have seen someones placing it to different places from present-day Russia to South Germany.   Reasons for these different opinions come probably from different datings of loan word and stratums in parallel languages and how methods in comparative linguistics treat these loan words.  In other words we have time, place and evolution of languages and all this depends on how the evolution goes on in time and place.  So, in some area the language was more diverged from the the  "proto-language", in some other places the language was still more in "pre-proto-language" stage.  This is normal linguistic evolution which happened and happens all the time and everywhere.  I can't imagine that some language was complete in some place at some particular time 


Let's then look the time.  The same Wikipedia article says that Proto-Germanic was spoken after 500BC and from 200AD, according to linguistics, its spoken successor is named Proto-Norse in the area we are now interested in.  In other areas the successors were something else. 


Then let's look to Baltic-Finnic languages.  The Wikipedia says that the diversification began in Southern Estonia 150AD, based on loan word evidences.  Some estimates give earlier dates, from 1000 - 600 BC.  Most of Baltic-Finnic branches are rather young, only 1000 years old.  But it is now enough to know that Baltic-Finnic languages were spoken in certain area from 500BC to 150AD, simultaneously with the Proto-Germanic language and the Wikipedia quote is:


" There is now wide agreement that Proto-Finnic was probably spoken at the coasts of the Gulf of Finland."


On the map we see a detached Karelian group, but it was born late in a historical era.


https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Finnic_languages#:~:text=The%20Finnic%20(Fennic)%20or%20Balto,Finnic%20languages%20have%20been%20recognized


The local history and birth of Saami language in Baltic area as explained Wikipedia:


"Proto-Samic language is believed to have formed in the vicinity of the Gulf of Finland between 1000 BC to 700 AD, deriving from a common Proto-Sami-Finnic language (M. Korhonen 1981)."

 

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/S%C3%A1mi_languages

 

It is important to know that also the Saami was spoken in a nearby area of the Proto-Germanic language and simultaneously with it. 


Let's then do the same thing geneticists use to do.  We can ask which widely known and proven genetic results would get the best chance for the Proto-Germanic loan word stratum found  in Baltic-Finnic and Saami languages and in donating and receiving languages fitting with the place and dating.  I made the following chart showing datings and places of the Scandinavian I1 haplogroup L22.  All allele mutation data is gathered from FamilytreeDna and presents obviously BIG-Y results.  All datings are from Yfull.

edit.  correction made regarding statistics.  For instance the number in column I-Z74 includes, inter alia, tested L813 samples, but not the parallel downstream clade I-CTS2208.  

edit.  some numbers corrected. 

edit. added Italian L22.